Artist: Alma Lopez
Confronting Bodies: Catholic groups in Santa Fe
Date of Action: April 2001
Specific Location: International Museum of Folk Art, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. The work was part of the exhibit Cyber Arte: Where Tradition Meets Technology.
Description of Artwork: Our Lady is a digital photograph representing the Virgin of Guadalupe. While familiar Guadalupe imagery is present-the rays of light, the cloak, the roses, the crescent moon, the angel-the virgin herself is represented by a photograph of a friend of the artist, hands on her hips and head defiantly raised, her robe open and revealing rose-laden undergarments. A topless woman represents the angel below; her arms outstretched and butterfly wings extending from her shoulders and back. According to the artist, the idea was to portray the virgin as a strong and nurturing woman very much like the women in the community that Alma López grew up in.
Description of Incident: Our Lady provoked much protest from the Catholic community in Santa Fe. The Roman Catholic Archbishop, Michael Sheehan, claimed that the Virgin was depicted as a "tart," is sacrilegious to New Mexicans who have a deep religious devotion to Guadalupe, and should not be shown in a tax-supported museum. Reaction to the work was widespread and heated. A public meeting was held, drawing a crowd of just under 800 to hear an array of speakers and opinions.
Results of Incident: The Museum of New Mexico Committee on Sensitive Materials recommended that the work remain on display. As a compromise, however, the duration of the whole exhibit was shortened by several months.
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