Artist: Andre Gill
Confronting Bodies: Napoleon III, French authorities
Date of Action: 1867, 1868-1870, 1871-1873
Specific Location: France
Description of Artwork: Andre Gill's cartoons were said to be responsible for the downfall of two French regimes. Gill was the most popular and important French caricaturist of his time. He often concealed allusions to politics in order to get his work past the eye of the censor. He was the leading caricaturist for the caricature journal La Lune. His most famous cartoon is a drawing which supposedly pictured La Rocambole, a somewhat pathetic hero from a series of popular novels, but was really a portrait of Napoleon III. The caricature brings to light the similarities between Napoleon III and the character, and everyone except for Napoleon III and his censors seemed to see this. Another of his famous illustrations is a drawing of a cantaloupe with human features retreating into the back of the page. Gill made the caricature subtle enough to escape the censors but explicit enough that everyone else recognized the cantaloupe as a portrait of a judge who was notorious for inflicting harsh penalties on journalists.
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